New aluminium hydroxide stable at extremely high pressure

A new hydrous phase, ε-AlOOH, was observed to be stable at pressures above ~200 GPa. The stability of ε-AlOOH at extremely high pressures may affect the modelling results of the internal structure and deep water circulation of some extra-solar planets, such as terrestrial super-Earths, because the hydroxide may store water in these regions.

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe and it plays important roles in the structure, dynamics, and evolution of the planets. Hydrogen is transported into deep mantle regions as a hydrous mineral via the subduction of oceanic plates. To better understand the global hydrogen circulation in the Earth’s mantle, a number of high-pressure experiments were conducted on the stability of hydrous phases under lower mantle conditions. Recent discoveries of new high-pressure hydrous minerals have extended the stability field of hydrous phases toward wider pressure, temperature and compositional ranges, suggesting the existence and the important roles of water in the deepest region of the Earth’s mantle. However, there have been few studies on hydrous minerals in the multicomponent system relevant to the actual subducting slabs under the pressure and temperature conditions of the lower parts of the Earth’s mantle and of those in other planetary interiors.

We conducted in-situ X-ray diffraction experiments on major hydrous phases in the Earth’s lower mantle, CaCl2-type δ-AlOOH, and its solid solutions with FeOOH and MgSiO4H2 at pressures up to ~270 GPa, far higher than those of the Earth’s mantle. High pressure–temperature (P–T) conditions were achieved by techniques using a multianvil (MA) apparatus and a laser-heated diamond anvil cell (DAC) in a wide range of pressures of up to 270 GPa and temperatures of up to 2,500 K (Table S1).

Above 190 GPa at 2500 K, we observed that δ-AlOOH transitioned to a new phase, named ε-AlOOH. We also found that hydroxides formed solid solutions over a wide composition range in the AlOOH–FeOOH–MgSiO4H2 system, which accommodates the major elements in terrestrial rocks. Thus water could be stored in these hydroxides in the deep interiors of the Earth, terrestrial super-Earths, and the rocky cores of some icy planets, irrespective of their composition models.

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Bibliographic Information

[1] Solid Solution and Compression Behavior of Hydroxides in the Lower Mantle, Masayuki Nishi, Jun Tsuchiya, Yasuhiro Kuwayama, Takeshi Arimoto, Yoshinori Tange, Yuji Higo, Tetsuo Irifune, Journal of Geophysical Research-solid Earth, 124, 10231-10239, doi:10.1029/2019JB018146, 2019 (Available online: September 13)

[2] New aluminium hydroxide at multimegabar pressures: Implications for water reservoirs in deep planetary interiors, Masayuki Nishi, Yasuhiro Kuwayama, Jun Tsuchiya, Icarus, 338, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2019.113539, 2019 (Available online: November 9).


  • Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) KAKENHI Grant Number JP19H01994, JP15H05469, JP25220712, JP15H05829, JP16H06285, JP26800274, JP26400516, JP15H05834.


  •  The crystal structure of ε-AlOOH

    The crystal structure of ε-AlOOH

    The crystal structure of ε-AlOOH

    credit : Ehime University
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Contact Person

Name : Masayuki Nishi
Phone : 09095795653
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Affiliation : Geodynamics Research Center (GRC)