Synthesis of a Near-Infrared Light Absorbing Macrocyclic Aromatic Compound

Selective Synthesis of Ring-Expanded Porphyrinoids Comprising Nine Pyrroles

A ring-expanded porphyrin with no meso-bridges comprised of an odd number of pyrroles was successfully synthesized via the oxidative coupling of the corresponding terpyrrole. This porphyrin showed a 34pi aromatic character and an intense absorption at the near-infrared region. We analyzed the optical and electronic structures using magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopy and time-dependent density functional theory calculations.

Profs. Okujima and Uno at Ehime University, in collaboration with Prof. Kobayashi at Shinshu University, reported the selective synthesis, the molecular structure, optical properties and electronic structure of cyclo[9]pyrrole, a ring-expanded porphyrin consisting of directly connected pyrrole rings.

Porphyrins, which are well-known natural porphyrin molecules, e.g. heme and chlorophyll, are attractive for use in practical materials because of the easy optimization of their optical and physical properties by conjugation expansion and functionalization. In 2002, Sessler reported the first synthesis of cyclo[n]pyrrole (n: the number of pyrrole rings). Peripheral alkyl-substituted cyclo[8]pyrroles were obtained via an oxidative coupling of 2,2’-bipyrrole, and showed an intense L band at ca. 1,100 nm.

We successfully synthesized a good yield of cyclo[9]pyrroles via the oxidative coupling of terpyrrole. A relatively distorted structure with a C2-like symmetry was clarified by NMR and X-ray diffraction analyses. Intense absorption was observed at ca. 1,740 nm. We analyzed the optical and electronic structures using magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopy and time-dependent density functional theory calculations. Comparison of cyclo[8], [9], and [10]pyrroles showed the electronic structures don’t significantly depend on the number of pyrroles.

Our findings were published on April 15, 2021 in Organic Letters.

Reference URL:https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.orglett.1c00899

Bibliographic Information

Organic Letters

Cyclo[9]pyrrole: Selective Synthesis of [34]Nonaphyrin(0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0)

Hiroki Matsumoto, Tetsuo Okujima, Shigeki Mori, Ana C. C. Bacilla, Masayoshi Takase, Hidemitsu Uno, Nagao Kobayshi

DOI: 10.1021/acs.orglett.1c00899

Media

  • Selective Synthesis of Cyclo[9]pyrroles Based on an Oxidative Coupling

    Selective Synthesis of Cyclo[9]pyrroles Based on an Oxidative Coupling

    credit : Tetsuo Okujima, Ehime University
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Contact Person

Name : Tetsuo Okujima, Hidemitsu Uno
Phone : +81-89-927-9615
E-mail : okujima.tetsuo.mu@ehime-u.ac.jp
Affiliation : Graduate School of Science and Engineering