“Planar & Curved” Pyrrole-Fused Azacoronenes

Effect of 3D Structures on π-Electron Functions

  • A facile synthesis of two types of pyrrole-fused azacoronene with planar and double-concave π-structures was achieved.
  • The two electron-rich azacoronenes were found to interact with electron-deficient π-electron compounds depending on their three-dimensional structures.
  • Azacoronene with a curved structure was found to be less aromatic than those with a planar one based on macrocyclic π-conjugation.

Recently study on synthetic approaches toward polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as graphene with a well-defined structure has attracted much attention. A research group in Ehime University has been studying the synthesis and fundamental properties of pyrrole-fused azacoronene (HPHAC), a nitrogen-containing PAH. HPHACs are composed of electron-rich pyrroles, which are easily oxidized, and their dicationic species in particular exhibit unique features such as global aromaticity based on macrocyclic π-conjugation. However, all the compounds reported so far have bulky substituents at the periphery of the HPHAC skeleton, and thus the characterization of the physical properties of the pristine HPHAC itself or the π-electron function based on π-π interactions has not been possible.

In this study, the group has synthesized two new derivatives, one with alkyl groups at the periphery of the HPHAC skeleton and the other with concave π-planes above and below the HPHAC skeleton. The HPHAC with alkyl groups was found to be more readily oxidized than the compounds previously reported and to exhibit stable redox properties. In addition, reflecting its planar structure, the HPHAC forms an alternating stacked column structure with electron-deficient π-electron compounds. On the other hand, the HPHAC with an extended π-electron system exhibits an unusual π-electron function with a double concave surface. Reflecting its shape, this electron-rich HPHAC strongly interacts with spherical fullerene, which is an electron-deficient π-electron compound. A comparison of the global aromaticities of the two dicationic species reveals that the double-concave HPHAC possesses weaker aromaticity.

Recent research on π-electron materials has led to the synthesis of three-dimensional structures, such as bowl- and saddle-shaped compounds, instead of the conventional planar ones. However, there have been few studies focusing on the π-electron function of the 3D structure, except for clarifying its structural features using single crystal X-ray structure analysis. By elucidating the detailed structure-property relationships between analogues that share the same skeleton but have different 3D structures, new design guidelines can be obtained for organic electronics and spintronics materials involving π-electron functions.

Refernce URL :
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.joc.0c02825
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.joc.0c03042

Bibliographic Information

Radially π-Extended Pyrrole-Fused Azacoronene: A Series of Crystal Structures of HPHAC with Various Oxidation States, Yoshiki Sasaki, Masayoshi Takase, Nagao Kobayashi, Shigeki Mori, Keishi Ohara, Tetsuo Okujima, Hidemitsu Uno, The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 2021, 86, 4290-4295, doi:10.1021/acs.joc.0c02825.

Synthesis and Characterization of Peralkylated Pyrrole-Fused Azacoronene, Kosuke Oki, Masayoshi Takase, Nagao Kobayashi, Hidemitsu Uno, The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 2021, 86, 5102-5109, doi:10.1021/acs.joc.0c03042.

Fundings

  • Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) KAKENHI Grant Numbers 20H02725, 18K05076, 19K05422, 19J14288

Media

  • π-Extended Azacoronene with a Janus Double-Concave Structure

    π-Extended Azacoronene with a Janus Double-Concave Structure

    credit : Reprinted with permission from The Journal of Organic Chemistry. © 2021 American Chemical Society
    Usage Restriction : Please get copyright permission

  • Hexapyrrolohexaazacoronene (HPHAC) with 12 peripheral alkyl groups

    Hexapyrrolohexaazacoronene (HPHAC) with 12 peripheral alkyl groups

    credit : Reprinted with permission from The Journal of Organic Chemistry. © 2021 American Chemical Society
    Usage Restriction : Please get copyright permission

Contact Person

Name : Masayoshi Takase, Hidemitsu Uno
Phone : +81-89-927-9612
E-mail : takase.masayoshi.ry@ehime-u.ac.jp, uno@ehime-u.ac.jp
Affiliation : Graduate School of Science and Engineering